Restoration ecology

Ecological restoration assists damaged or destroyed ecosystems to recover. Restoration ecology is the science studying this recovery process

The research is focused on ecological and physical processes in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Of particular interest are the interactions between different parts of the landscape, for example between land and water and between different parts of a water system. Important questions are (1) whether restoration projects reach their goals which often deal with the recreation of a lost stage, (2) to what extent restoration projects can maximize certain ecosystem components to increase the amount of a specific ecosystem service, (3) how restoration projects can be designed with respect to future climate changes, and (4) how various human actors affect different parts of a restoration project. The research is carried out in collaboration with researchers at several Swedish and foreign universities and comprises, besides ecology, also disciplines such as political science and environmental history.

Research projects

The importance of seedbanks in river restorationEffects of climate change and restoration on streamside vegetation in boreal forest landscapesRESTORE: Ecosystem restoration in policy and practice: restore, develop, adaptOptimization of flow in managed riversBioRest: Local- and landscape-scale effects on biodiversity after stream restoration

Selected publications

Engström, J., C. Nilsson & R. Jansson. 2009. Effects of stream restoration on dispersal of plant propagules. Journal of Applied Ecology 46:397-405. DOI

Lejon, A. G. C., B. Malm Renöfält & C. Nilsson. 2009. Conflicts associated with dam removal in Sweden. Ecology and Society 14(2): 4. URL

Nilsson, C. & B. M. Renöfält. Linking flow and water qualities in rivers: a challenge to adaptive catchment management. Ecology and Society 13(2): 18. URL

Palmer, M. A., C. A. Reidy, C. Nilsson, M. Flörke, J. Alcamo P. S. Lake, & N. Bond. Climate change and the world’s river basins: anticipating management options. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 6:81-89. DOI

Helfield, J. M., S. J. Capon, C. Nilsson, R. Jansson & D. Palm. Restoration of rivers used for timber floating: effects on riparian plant diversity. Ecological Applications 17:840-851. URL

Jansson, R., C. Nilsson & B. Malmqvist. Restoring freshwater ecosystems in riverine landscapes: the roles of connectivity and recovery processes. Freshwater Biology 52:589-596. DOI

Nilsson, C., R. Jansson, B. Malmqvist & R. J. Naiman. Restoring riverine landscapes: the challenge of identifying priorities, reference states and techniques. Ecology and Society 12 (1): 16. URL

Page Editor: Elisabet Carlborg

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